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Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2013 Nov;24(11):3273-9.

[Effects of venom from Sclerodermus sichuanensis Xiao on pupa of Tenebrio molitor].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Sichuan Provincial Key Laboratory of Forest Protection, College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an 625014, Sichuan, China. zhihangzhuo@gmail.com
  • 2Sichuan Provincial Key Laboratory of Forest Protection, College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an 625014, Sichuan, China.
  • 3Sichuan Provincial Key Laboratory of Agricultural Products Processing and Preservative, College of Food Science, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an 625014, Sichuan, China.

Abstract

To explore the regulatory mechanisms of parasitism of Sclerodermus sichuanensis on Tenebrio molitor, the methods of natural parasitism and venom injection were adopted to investigate the effects of the venom from S. sichuanensis on the pupa of T. molitor in the parasitic process. Under venom injection, the paralytic degree of the pupa had a positive correlation with the concentration of injected venom, and the number of recovered pupa had a negative correlation with the injected venom concentration. The T. molitor pupa was in slight and reversible paralysis when injected with 0.01 VRE (venom reservoir equivalent) of venom, and in non-reversible and complete paralysis when 0.2 VRE was injected. The pupa died massively and appeared a wide range of melanization when injected with soil bacterial suspension alone, but the melanization delayed and the mortality declined significantly when the mixed liquor of bacterium and venom was injected. The bacteriostasis of the venom on Staphylococcus aureus was significantly stronger than that on Escherichia coli. Within a definite range of temperature, the paralytic activity decreased significantly with increasing temperature, the bacteriostasis on S. aureus increased significantly, while that on E. coli was opposite. This study showed that the venom from S. sichuanensis had the effects of paralysis, bacteriostasis, inhibiting exuviations, and delaying melanization.

PMID:
24564160
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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