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Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2014 Apr;44(4):318-23. doi: 10.1093/jjco/hyu012. Epub 2014 Feb 20.

Clinical outcomes of AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma: a multi-institution retrospective survey in Japan.

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  • 1*Department of Hematology, National Hospital Organization Nagoya Medical Center, 4-1-1 Sannomaru, Naka-ku, Nagoya 460-0001, Japan. nagaih@nnh.hosp.go.jp.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma is treated similarly to non-acquired immunodeficiency syndrome lymphoma, but it is not clear whether highly intensive regimens are beneficial for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related Burkitt lymphoma. We conducted a multicenter retrospective survey to clarify the clinical outcomes of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related Burkitt lymphoma in the combined antiretroviral therapy era in Japan.

METHODS:

We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of 33 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related Burkitt lymphoma, who were diagnosed at five regional hospitals for human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in Japan between January 2002 and December 2010.

RESULTS:

The median follow-up period was 20.0 months (range 0.5-92.7 months). Six (18.2%) patients were treated with cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, high-dose methotrexate, ifosphamide, etoposide and high-dose cytarabine, and 23 (69.7%) patients were treated with hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, dexamethasone, high-dose methotrexate and high-dose cytarabine. The overall response rate for all patients was 78.8%, with a complete response rate of 72.7%. The two-year overall survival rate was 68.1%. There was no significant difference in overall survival between chemotherapeutic regimens with rituximab (n = 20) and without rituximab (n = 13) (P = 0.49). The two-year overall survival rate was 66.7% for patients receiving cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, dexamethasone, etoposide, ifosfamide and cytarabine, and was 72.6% for patients receiving cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, dexamethasone, methotrexate and cytarabine (P = 0.72). There was one treatment-related death.

CONCLUSIONS:

Highly intensive chemotherapy would bring a high remission rate and prolonged overall survival for patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related Burkitt lymphoma.

KEYWORDS:

AIDS-related; Burkitt lymphoma; chemotherapy; rituximab; survival

PMID:
24558129
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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