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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014 Mar 26;6(6):4154-9. doi: 10.1021/am4057979. Epub 2014 Mar 3.

A scalable graphene sulfur composite synthesis for rechargeable lithium batteries with good capacity and excellent columbic efficiency.

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  • 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin , Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201, United States.


Sulfur nanoparticles wrapped with a conductive graphene framework was synthesized with a high sulfur loading through a scalable one-step process. The graphene-coated sulfur nanostructured composite, when used as cathode for lithium sulfur battery, shows a reversible capacity of 808 mAh g(-1) at a rate of 210 mA g(-1) and an average columbic efficiency of ∼98.3% over 100 cycles. It is found that graphene oxide (GO) with a porous structure offers flexible confinement function that helps prevent the loss of active materials, thus extending the cycling life of the electrode. Moreover, reduced graphene oxide provides a conductive network surrounding the sulfur particles, which facilitates both electron transport and ion transportation. This novel one-step, all-solution-based process is scalable and provides a promising approach for potential industrial applications.

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