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Pak J Med Sci. 2013 Nov;29(6):1323-8.

Obesity-related abnormal eating behaviors in Type 2 diabetic patients.

Author information

  • 1Aydan Ercan, Baskent University, Health Science Faculty, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Ankara, Turkey.
  • 2Gul Kiziltan, Baskent University, Health Science Faculty, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the obesity-related abnormal eating behaviors in Type 2 diabetic patients.

METHODOLOGY:

It was a cross-sectional study involving 120 Type 2 diabetic patients. Body weight and height of the individuals were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Bulimic Investigatory Test-Edinburg (BITE) was used to measure binge eating attitudes. Night eating symptoms were defined as consuming >25% of daily energy after suppertime. To determine the glycaemic control, HbA1c levels were analyzed. Data analyzed by SPSS 13.0 for Windows.

RESULTS:

The mean age of the patients was 55.3±9.29 years. The mean diabetes duration was 11.1±2.04 years. The 50% of the patients had a BMI higher than 25kg/m(2). The obese diabetic patients were more likely to have diabetic complications than non-obese subjects (x (2) = 8.588, p=0.040). The percentages of the diabetic patients who met the criteria for binge eating and night eating were 17.2% and 42% respectively. Half of the patients were skipping a main meal per day. The frequencies of obesity-related abnormal eating behaviors were not statistically different in obese patients versus non-obese participants (p>0.05). The mean HbA1c levels were higher in diabetic patients than biochemical references and there was a significant difference between obese and non-obese patients (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Obesity-related abnormal eating behaviors were prevalent in Type 2 diabetic patients and related with diabetic complications and glycaemic control.

KEYWORDS:

Binge eating; Eating behaviors; Night eating; Obesity; Type 2 diabetes mellitus

PMID:
24550946
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3905380
Free PMC Article
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