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Clin Cardiol. 2014 May;37(5):293-9. doi: 10.1002/clc.22247. Epub 2014 Feb 14.

Patterns of long-term thienopyridine therapy and outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with coronary stenting: Observations from the TIMI-38 Coronary Stent Registry.

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  • 1TIMI Study Group, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is not known. Factors influencing DAPT duration are not well described.

HYPOTHESIS:

We hypothesized that continued DAPT 12 months beyond ACS would be associated with patient factors such as stent type and that it may be associated with lower rates of ischemic events.

METHODS:

The TIMI 38 Coronary Stent Registry (CSR) followed patients who completed the TRITON-TIMI 38 trial, received a stent, and were alive and event free. Continuation of DAPT was determined by the treating physician.

RESULTS:

The CSR enrolled 2110 patients (1679>12 months from index ACS) and followed for a median of 2.1 additional years. DAPT was continued in 554 (26%) and was more likely to be continued in patients with drug-eluting stents (DES; 54%) and in North America. The rate of cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke was 2.35% per year, and 13 patients (0.6%) experienced Academic Research Consortium definite or probable ST. Recurrent ischemic events were similar between patients who continued thienopyridine therapy and those who stopped at registry entry (P = 0.74 for cardiovascular death/MI/stroke; P = 0.72 for definite or probable ST). After propensity score adjustment, there was no significant difference in cardiovascular death/MI/stroke (P = 0.55) or bleeding (P = 0.51) with prolonged DAPT.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients stabilized for a year after ACS and stenting have low rates of ST relative to overall cardiovascular events. The decision to continue DAPT maybe associated with stent type (DES vs bare-metal stent) and region.

© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PMID:
24532082
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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