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J Clin Neurosci. 2014 Jun;21(6):997-1001. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2013.09.019. Epub 2013 Nov 26.

Prospective study on the withdrawal and reinstitution of antiepileptic drugs among seizure-free patients in west China.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China; Department of Neurosurgery, Xinqiao Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.
  • 2Department of Neurology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China.
  • 3Department of Neurosurgery, Xinqiao Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.
  • 4Department of Neurology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China. Electronic address: zhoudong66@yahoo.de.

Abstract

This study explored the relapse rates and risk factors for seizure recurrence after discontinuing antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy among seizure-free patients in west China, and explored whether to reinstitute AED immediately after a single seizure after AED withdrawal. Patients with epilepsy who were seizure-free for at least 2 years and decided to gradually stop AED therapy were followed up every 3 months for seizure relapse. Patients who experienced their first seizure after drug withdrawal were divided into two groups according to their willingness to reinstitute AED therapy, and were followed up until their second seizure. In the mean 29.35 months of follow-up, 37 patients (37/162, 22.8%) suffered at least one seizure after withdrawal. The cumulative probability of seizure recurrence was 16% at 12 months and 20.2% at 24 months. AED response time >1 year and multiple types of seizure were identified as risk factors for seizure recurrence. Eight patients (8/32, 25%) suffered a second seizure within 1 year after the first whether or not they reinstituted AED immediately. There were no significant demographic or clinical differences between patients who reinstituted AED therapy and those who did not. The epilepsy recurrence rate after AED withdrawal is relatively low, with a relatively slow tapering process. Patients with long AED response times and/or multiple types of seizures have a higher risk of seizure recurrence. The first seizure after drug withdrawal is not an indication for immediate AED reinstitution, but may be recommended after a second seizure.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Antiepileptic drugs; Epilepsy; Recurrence; Reinstitution; Risk factor; Withdrawal

PMID:
24530138
[PubMed - in process]
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