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Sci Total Environ. 2014 Apr 1;476-477:696-704. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.01.049. Epub 2014 Feb 9.

Vanadium uptake and translocation in dominant plant species on an urban coastal brownfield site.

Author information

  • 1Department of Earth and Environmental Studies, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA.
  • 2Department of Landscape Architecture, Urban and Community Forestry, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers, The State University, NJ 08901, USA.
  • 3Department of Earth and Environmental Studies, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA. Electronic address:
  • 4Department of Biology and Molecular Biology, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA.
  • 5School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA.


This study, conducted at a brownfield site in New Jersey, USA, investigated factors controlling V uptake and translocation in naturally assembled plant species. Six dominant species were collected from 22 stations in the study area. We found that V concentration in the plants decreased in a sequence of root>leaf>stem. No significant differences were found among the six dominant plant species in terms of root V uptake efficiency (V BCF) and V root to shoot translocation (V TF). Although soil pH and TOC did not show significant impact on V accumulation in the roots, soil labile V content showed significant positive linear correlation (p<0.05) with plant root V. Non-linear regression analysis indicates that V translocation efficiency decreases with increasing concentration in the soil, implying that excessive V in the soil might inhibit its absorption by the plant roots. Leaf V concentration was constant in all the plant species regardless of the variation in soil V concentration. The study shows that the six dominant plant species on site had limited amount of V translocated to the aerial part of the plant.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Brownfield; Plant; Toxic effect; Translocation; Uptake; Vanadium

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