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Opt Express. 2013 Dec 30;21(26):32432-40. doi: 10.1364/OE.21.032432.

Surface plasmon modes in graphene wedge and groove waveguides.


Surface plasmon modes at terahertz-infrared waveband in subwavelength graphene wedge and groove waveguides are investigated, which can be categorized into perfect electric conductor and perfect magnetic conductor symmetric modes with different propagation characteristics. The electromagnetic near-fields are localized strongly in different regions for these two kinds of modes. Moreover, these modes can be interpreted by the folded graphene ribbon modes. The brim width of the waveguides and the Fermi energy of the graphene strongly influence the dispersion and propagation distances of the plasmon modes, which can be used for tuning the plasmon modes in graphene wedge and groove waveguides efficiently.

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