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Respirology. 2014 Apr;19(3):389-95. doi: 10.1111/resp.12242. Epub 2014 Feb 11.

Xenon ventilation computed tomography and the management of asthma in the elderly.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Xenon ventilation computed tomography (CT) has shown potential in assessing the regional ventilation status in subjects with asthma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of xenon ventilation CT in the management of asthma in the elderly.

METHODS:

Treatment-naïve asthmatics aged 65 years or older were recruited. Before initiation of medication, spirometry with bronchodilator (BD) reversibility, questionnaires to assess the severity of symptoms including a visual analogue scale (VAS), tests to evaluate cognitive function and mood, and xenon ventilation CT were performed. Xenon gas trapping (XT) on xenon ventilation CT represents an area where inhaled xenon gas was not expired and was trapped. Symptoms and lung functions were measured again after the 12-week treatment.

RESULTS:

A total of 30 elderly asthmatics were enrolled. The severity of dyspnoea measured by the VAS showed a significant correlation with the total number of areas of XT on the xenon ventilation CT taken in the pre-BD wash-out phase (r = -0.723, P < 0.001). The total number of areas of XT significantly decreased after BD inhalation, and differences in the total number of areas of XT (between the pre- and post-BD wash-out phases) at baseline showed significant correlations with the per cent increases in forced expiratory volume in 1 s after subsequent anti-asthma treatment (r = -0.775, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Xenon ventilation CT may be an objective and promising tool in the measurement of dyspnoea and prediction of the treatment response in elderly asthmatics.

© 2014 The Authors. Respirology © 2014 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.

KEYWORDS:

asthma; dyspnoea; elderly; treatment response; xenon ventilation computed tomography

PMID:
24512222
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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