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Health Expect. 2014 Feb 9. doi: 10.1111/hex.12175. [Epub ahead of print]

Treatment decisions for localized prostate cancer: a concept mapping approach.

Author information

  • 1Institute for Social and Economic Research University of Essex, Colchester, UK.
  • 2School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston, TX, USA.
  • 3Department of Family and Community Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX, USA.
  • 4Department of Health Services Research, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.
  • 5Graduate College of Social Work, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA.
  • 6Department of Urology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.
  • 7Department of General Internal Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.



Few decision aids emphasize active surveillance (AS) for localized prostate cancer. Concept mapping was used to produce a conceptual framework incorporating AS and treatment.


Fifty-four statements about what men need to make a decision for localized prostate cancer were derived from focus groups with African American, Latino and white men previously screened for prostate cancer and partners (n = 80). In the second phase, 89 participants sorted and rated the importance of statements.


An eight cluster map was produced for the overall sample. Clusters were labelled Doctor-patient exchange, Big picture comparisons, Weighing the options, Seeking and using information, Spirituality and inner strength, Related to active treatment, Side-effects and Family concerns. A major division was between medical and home-based clusters. Ethnic groups and genders had similar sorting, but some variation in importance. Latinos rated Big picture comparisons as less important. African Americans saw Spirituality and inner strength most important, followed by Latinos, then whites. Ethnic- and gender-specific concept maps were not analysed because of high similarity in their sorting patterns.


We identified a conceptual framework for management of early-stage prostate cancer that included coverage of AS. Eliciting the conceptual framework is an important step in constructing decision aids which will address gaps related to AS.

© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


cancer; concept mapping; decision making; prostate neoplasms; qualitative research

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