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Horm Res Paediatr. 2014;81(3):182-8. doi: 10.1159/000356920. Epub 2014 Feb 4.

Exploring clinician confidence in the management of adolescent menstrual and reproductive health problems.

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  • 1Department of Endocrinology, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.



A high incidence of menstrual problems is reported in adolescent girls, with significant attendant morbidity. The majority are likely to be seen and managed by doctors other than specialist gynaecologists. This study aimed to survey the practice of doctors other than gynaecologists, to establish their chosen therapeutic options and confidence levels and to explore knowledge, using clinically challenging scenarios.


A questionnaire designed to fulfil the above aims was distributed to a wide range of clinicians across paediatric disciplines and primary care.


The questionnaire was returned by 306 clinicians. General practitioners and paediatric endocrinologists were more confident in management and were more likely to self-manage patients (p < 0.01). The oral contraceptive pill was the most frequently chosen first-line therapy by all clinicians, followed by transdermal oestrogen/progesterone, etonorgestrel implant, progesterone-only pills, levonorgestrel-intrauterine system and depot medroxyprogesterone acetate injections. General, community and subspecialist paediatricians were more likely to choose suboptimal management strategies for each of five clinical scenarios.


Low confidence levels, suboptimal therapy choices and high referral rates are common among general paediatricians, community paediatricians and subspecialists for adolescents with menstrual and reproductive health concerns. Targeted education for these clinician groups, towards optimizing management for these patients, would enhance care.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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