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Stand Genomic Sci. 2013 Sep 30;9(1):28-41. doi: 10.4056/sigs.4207886. eCollection 2013.

Genome sequence of the chemoheterotrophic soil bacterium Saccharomonospora cyanea type strain (NA-134(T)).

Author information

  • 1Leibniz Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Braunschweig, Germany.
  • 2Los Alamos National Laboratory, Bioscience Division, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA.
  • 3DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, USA.
  • 4Theodosius Dobzhansky Center for Genome Bionformatics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia ; Algorithmic Biology Lab, St. Petersburg Academic University, St.Petersburg, Russia.
  • 5Los Alamos National Laboratory, Bioscience Division, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA ; DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, USA.
  • 6DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, USA ; Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA.
  • 7HZI - Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany.


Saccharomonospora cyanea Runmao et al. 1988 is a member of the genus Saccharomonospora in the family Pseudonocardiaceae that is moderately well characterized at the genome level thus far. Members of the genus Saccharomonospora are of interest because they originate from diverse habitats, such as soil, leaf litter, manure, compost, surface of peat, moist, over-heated grain, and ocean sediment, where they probably play a role in the primary degradation of plant material by attacking hemicellulose. Species of the genus Saccharomonospora are usually Gram-positive, non-acid fast, and are classified among the actinomycetes. S. cyanea is characterized by a dark blue (= cyan blue) aerial mycelium. After S. viridis, S. azurea, and S. marina, S. cyanea is only the fourth member in the genus for which a completely sequenced (non-contiguous finished draft status) type strain genome will be published. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the draft genome sequence, and annotation. The 5,408,301 bp long chromosome with its 5,139 protein-coding and 57 RNA genes was sequenced as part of the DOE funded Community Sequencing Program (CSP) 2010 at the Joint Genome Institute (JGI).


CSP 2010; Gram-positive; Pseudonocardiaceae; aerobic; chemoheterotrophic; draft genome; non-motile; soil bacterium; spore-forming; vegetative and aerial mycelia

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