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J Phys Condens Matter. 2014 Feb 26;26(8):086001. doi: 10.1088/0953-8984/26/8/086001. Epub 2014 Feb 6.

Magnetic, structural, and electronic properties of the multiferroic compound FeTe₂O₅Br with geometrical frustration.

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  • 1Department of Physics, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 156-756, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

We report electron spin resonance (ESR), Raman scattering, and interband absorption measurements of the multiferroic FeTe₂O₅Br with two successive magnetic transitions at T(N1) = 11.0 K and T(N2) = 10.5 K. ESR measurements show all characteristics of a low-dimensional frustrated magnet: (i) the appearance of an antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) mode at 40 K, a much higher temperature than T(N1), and (ii) a weaker temperature dependence of the AFMR linewidth than in classical magnets, ΔH(pp)(T) ∝ T(n) with n = 2.2-2.3. Raman spectra at ambient pressure show a large variation of phonon intensities with temperature while there are no appreciable changes in phonon numbers and frequencies. This demonstrates the significant role of the polarizable Te⁴⁺ lone pairs in inducing multiferroicity. Under pressure at P = 2.12-3.04 GPa Raman spectra undergo drastic changes and absorption spectra exhibit an abrupt drop of a band gap. This evidences a pressure-induced structural transition related to changes of the electronic states at high pressures.

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