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Am J Med Qual. 2015 Mar-Apr;30(2):149-55. doi: 10.1177/1062860614521277. Epub 2014 Feb 5.

Impact of audit and feedback and pay-for-performance interventions on pediatric hospitalist discharge communication with primary care providers.

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  • 1Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA
  • 2Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA.
  • 3Emory University, Atlanta, GA.


The study team sought to improve hospitalist communication with primary care providers (PCPs) at discharge through interventions consisting of (a) audit and feedback and (b) inclusion of a discharge communication measure in the incentive compensation for pediatric hospitalists. The setting was a 16-physician pediatric hospitalist group within a tertiary pediatric hospital. Discharge summaries were selected randomly for documentation of communication with PCPs. At baseline, 57% of charts had documented communication with PCPs, increasing to 84% during the audit and feedback period. Following the addition of a financial incentive, documentation of communication with PCPs increased to 93% and was sustained during the combined intervention period. The number of physicians meeting the study's performance goal increased from 1 to 14 by the end of the study period. A financial incentive coupled with an audit and feedback tool was effective at modifying physician behavior, achieving focused, measurable quality improvement gains.

© 2014 by the American College of Medical Quality.


audit/feedback and financial incentives; care transition; hospitalist communication with PCP; quality improvement

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