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Herz. 2014 Feb;39(1):25-31. doi: 10.1007/s00059-014-4060-y.

[Cardiac effects of noninvasive ventilation].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Klinik f├╝r Pneumologie, Department Innere Medizin, Universit├Ątsklinikum Freiburg, Freiburg, Deutschland.


Noninvasive ventilation is becoming increasingly important in the treatment of acute and chronic respiratory failure. However, noninvasive ventilation not only influences respiratory failure but also cardiac (dys-)function. Furthermore, cardiac comorbidities are often present in systemic diseases with respiratory failure such as COPD or obesity hypoventilation syndrome. This review covers the (patho-)physiological causes of hypoxic and hypercapnic respiratory insufficiency and its treatment with noninvasive ventilation. A special focus on acute and chronic effects on cardiac function will be addressed.

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