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PLoS One. 2014 Jan 31;9(1):e87770. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087770. eCollection 2014.

Brown Norway chromosome 1 congenic reduces symptoms of renal disease in fatty Zucker rats.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics and Department of Neurobiology, Physiology and Behavior, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America.
  • 2Department of Nutrition, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America.
  • 3Comparative Pathology Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America.
  • 4Department of Nutrition, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America ; Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America.

Abstract

We previously reported that a congenic rat with Brown Norway (BN) alleles on chromosome 1 reduces renal disease of 15-week old fatty Zucker rats (ZUC). Development of renal disease in fatty BN congenic and fatty ZUC rats from 9 through 28 weeks is now examined. Analysis of urine metabolites by (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy revealed a significantly increased urinary loss of glucose, myo-inositol, urea, creatine, and valine in ZUC. Food intake was lower in the BN congenic rats at weeks 9-24, but they weighed significantly more at 28 weeks compared with the ZUC group. Fasting glucose was significantly higher in ZUC than congenic and adiponectin levels were significantly lower in ZUC, but there was no significant genotype effect on Insulin levels. Glucose tolerance tests exhibited no significant differences between ZUC and congenic when values were normalized to basal glucose levels. Quantitative PCR on livers revealed evidence for higher gluconeogenesis in congenics than ZUC at 9 weeks. Plasma urea nitrogen and creatinine were more than 2-fold higher in 28-week ZUC. Twelve urine protein markers of glomerular, proximal and distal tubule disease were assayed at three ages. Several proteins that indicate glomerular and proximal tubular disease increased with age in both congenic and ZUC. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) level, a marker whose levels decrease with distal tubule disease, was significantly higher in congenics. Quantitative histology of 28 week old animals revealed the most significant genotype effect was for tubular dilation and intratubular protein. The congenic donor region is protective of kidney disease, and effects on Type 2 diabetes are likely limited to fasting glucose and adiponectin. The loss of urea together with a small increase of food intake in ZUC support the hypothesis that nitrogen balance is altered in ZUC from an early age.

PMID:
24498189
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3909223
Free PMC Article
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