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Global Spine J. 2014 Feb;4(1):59-62. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1357082. Epub 2013 Oct 16.

Traumatic lumbosacral spondyloptosis: a case report and review of the literature.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Uludağ, Bursa, Turkey.
  • 2Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Medicabil Hospital, Bursa, Turkey.


Study Design Case report and review of the literature. Objective To report a case of traumatic L5-S1 spondyloptosis and review the literature. Method A 28-year-old man presented with severe low back pain, numbness at the soles of feet, and bowel and bladder dysfunction. Two days before admission, a tree trunk fell on his back while he was seated. A two-stage posterior-anterior procedure was performed. At the first stage, posterior decompression, reduction, and fusion with instrumentation were performed. At the second stage, which was performed 6 days after the first stage, the patient underwent anterior lumbar interbody fusion. The patient received physical therapy 1 week after the second stage. Results The patient's numbness improved immediately after the first posterior surgery. His fecal and urinary incontinence improved 6 months after discharge. He has been pain-free for a year and has returned to work. Conclusion A PubMed search was performed using the following keywords: lumbosacral spondyloptosis, lumbosacral dislocation, and L5-S1 traumatic dislocation. The search returned only nine reported cases of traumatic spondyloptosis. Traumatic spondyloptosis at the lumbosacral junction is a rare ailment that should be suspected in cases of high, direct, and posterior impact on the low lumbar area, and surgical treatment should be the standard choice of care.


L5–S1 spondyloptosis; lumbosacral dislocation; traumatic spondyloptosis

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