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Bone Joint J. 2014 Feb;96-B(2):172-6. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.96B2.32680.

Are cam and pincer deformities as common as dysplasia in Japanese patients with hip pain?

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  • 1Hiroshima University, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Kasumi 1-2-3, Minami-ku, Hiroshima City, 734-8551, Japan.

Abstract

In Japan, osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip secondary to acetabular dysplasia is very common, and there are few data concerning the pathogeneses and incidence of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). We have attempted to clarify the radiological prevalence of painful FAI in a cohort of Japanese patients and to investigate the radiological findings. We identified 176 symptomatic patients (202 hips) with Tönnis grade 0 or 1 osteoarthritis, whom we prospectively studied between August 2011 and July 2012. There were 61 men (65 hips) and 115 women (137 hips) with a mean age of 51.8 years (11 to 83). Radiological analyses included the α-angle, centre-edge angle, cross-over sign, pistol grip deformity and femoral head neck ratio. Of the 202 hips, 79 (39.1%) had acetabular dysplasia, while 80 hips (39.6%) had no known aetiology. We found evidence of FAI in 60 hips (29.7%). Radiological FAI findings associated with cam deformity were the most common. There was a significant relationship between the pistol grip deformity and both the α-angle (p < 0.001) and femoral head-neck ratio (p = 0.024). Radiological evidence of symptomatic FAI was not uncommon in these Japanese patients.

KEYWORDS:

Cam; Dysplasia; FAI; Femoroacetabular impingement; Hip; Japanese population; Pincer

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