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Phys Occup Ther Pediatr. 2014 Aug;34(3):313-34. doi: 10.3109/01942638.2014.881952. Epub 2014 Feb 3.

Clinimetric properties of sitting balance measures for children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review.

Author information

  • 11Alternative Learning Resource School, Quezon City, Philippines.

Abstract

ABSTRACT Assessment of sitting balance in children and youth with cerebral palsy (CP) is critical in order to design appropriate interventions to enhance activities and participation. This systematic review synthesized research evidence on the reliability, validity, responsiveness to change, and clinical utility of sitting balance measures for children and youth with CP. A two-tiered search in August 2012 using nine peer-reviewed electronic databases yielded nine articles with relevant information on seven clinical measures. Four of seven clinical measures: the Pediatric Reach Test (PRT), Sitting Assessment for Children with Neuromotor Dysfunction (SACND), Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control (SATCo), and Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS), demonstrate acceptable overall applicability (at least one study supporting clinical utility, reliability, and validity) and are thus recommended for use in practice. Ongoing research on responsiveness to change, however, is warranted to support validity for outcomes measurement.

KEYWORDS:

Assessment; cerebral palsy; children; outcomes measurement; reliability; sitting balance; validity

PMID:
24490854
[PubMed - in process]
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