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PLoS One. 2014 Jan 29;9(1):e86717. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086717. eCollection 2014.

Circulating tumor cells: clinically relevant molecular access based on a novel CTC flow cell.

Author information

  • 1Research and Development, Cynvenio Biosystems, Westlake Village, California, United States of America.
  • 2Engineering, Cynvenio Biosystems, Westlake Village, California, United States of America.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Contemporary cancer diagnostics are becoming increasing reliant upon sophisticated new molecular methods for analyzing genetic information. Limiting the scope of these new technologies is the lack of adequate solid tumor tissue samples. Patients may present with tumors that are not accessible to biopsy or adequate for longitudinal monitoring. One attractive alternate source is cancer cells in the peripheral blood. These rare circulating tumor cells (CTC) require enrichment and isolation before molecular analysis can be performed. Current CTC platforms lack either the throughput or reliability to use in a clinical setting or they provide CTC samples at purities that restrict molecular access by limiting the molecular tools available.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Recent advances in magetophoresis and microfluidics have been employed to produce an automated platform called LiquidBiopsy®. This platform uses high throughput sheath flow microfluidics for the positive selection of CTC populations. Furthermore the platform quantitatively isolates cells useful for molecular methods such as detection of mutations. CTC recovery was characterized and validated with an accuracy (<20% error) and a precision (CV<25%) down to at least 9 CTC/ml. Using anti-EpCAM antibodies as the capture agent, the platform recovers 78% of MCF7 cells within the linear range. Non specific recovery of background cells is independent of target cell density and averages 55 cells/mL. 10% purity can be achieved with as low as 6 CTCs/mL and better than 1% purity can be achieved with 1 CTC/mL.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

The LiquidBiopsy platform is an automated validated platform that provides high throughput molecular access to the CTC population. It can be validated and integrated into the lab flow enabling CTC enumeration as well as recovery of consistently high purity samples for molecular analysis such as quantitative PCR and Next Generation Sequencing. This tool opens the way for clinically relevant genetic profiling of CTCs.

PMID:
24489774
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3906064
Free PMC Article
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