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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2014 Mar;38(3):611-8. doi: 10.1111/acer.12304. Epub 2014 Jan 31.

Framing ethnic variations in alcohol outcomes from biological pathways to neighborhood context.

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  • 1Virginia Commonwealth University School of Social Work , Richmond, Virginia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Health disparities research seeks to eliminate disproportionate negative health outcomes experienced in some racial/ethnic minority groups. This brief review presents findings on factors associated with drinking and alcohol-related problems in racial/ethnic groups.

METHODS:

Those discussed are as follows: (i) biological pathways to alcohol problems, (ii) gene × stress interactions, (iii) neighborhood disadvantage, stress, and access to alcohol, and (iv) drinking cultures and contexts.

RESULTS:

These factors and their interrelationships are complex, requiring a multilevel perspective.

CONCLUSIONS:

The use of interdisciplinary teams and an epigenetic focus are suggested to move the research forward. The application of multilevel research to policy, prevention, and intervention programs may help prioritize combinations of the most promising intervention targets.

Copyright © 2014 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; Associated Factors; Ethnicity; Health Disparities; Race

PMID:
24483624
[PubMed - in process]
PMCID:
PMC3959254
[Available on 2015/3/1]
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