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[Allergen analysis of patients with allergic rhinitis in Quanzhou].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, 180th Hospital of PLA, Quanzhou, Fujian 362000. quezhenru180@163.com
  • 2Department of Otolaryngology, 180th Hospital of PLA, Quanzhou, Fujian 362000.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To understand the distribution of allergens in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Quanzhou, for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment.

METHOD:

Twenty standardized allergen underwent skin prick testing (skin prick test, SPT) were used for 1236 patients with suspected AR patients in Quanzhou, and the different age, gender and severity in patients with allergen distribution differences of positive rate were analyzed.

RESULT:

The top 5 allergens with positive skin tests were D. pteronyssinus (66.7%), D. farinae (65.5%), Blattodea (32.8%), Sea crab (18.2%), and Sea lobster (16.8%). The positive rate of SPT in the minor groups and adult groups had significant difference (P < 0.05). Gender difference between the positive rate of SPT had no significant difference (P > 0.05). There was significant difference between the positive rate in patients with a family history and history of asthma and patients without above two history (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Dust Mite, Blattodea, Sea crab. Sea lobster are the most important allergens in quanzhou. Different ages of the patients with SPT positive rates vary, a family history, history of asthma patients with positive rate is higher than patients without a family history of asthma history, high positive rate.

PMID:
24479362
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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