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Clin Rheumatol. 2014 Dec;33(12):1785-9. doi: 10.1007/s10067-014-2491-8. Epub 2014 Jan 29.

Agreement between FRAX scores calculated with and without bone mineral density in women with osteopenia in Turkey.

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  • 1Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Izmir Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, 9109 sok No: 20 D: 16 Yesilyurt, Karabaglar, İzmir, Turkey,


This study aimed to analyze the agreement between FRAX scores calculated with and without femoral neck (FN) bone mineral density (BMD) and to investigate the resultant treatment recommendations in women with osteopenia. A cross-sectional review of postmenopausal women who were referred for DXA evaluation was conducted. One hundred twenty-nine postmenopausal women aged 40 years and older with osteopenia [FN T-score between -1 and (-2.5)] were recruited for the study. Absolute agreement between FRAX scores calculated with and without BMD was analyzed by intraclass correlation analysis (ICC). Thresholds recommended by National Osteoporosis Foundation were used for treatment recommendations. Correlation between demographic factors and the difference in BMD+ and BMD- FRAX scores was analyzed by Spearman correlation test. Agreement levels and treatment recommendations were also analyzed in 112/129 patients without previous fracture. Agreement between BMD+ and BMD- MO and hip FRAX scores was good (ICC 0.867) and fair to good (ICC 0.641), respectively. In patients without previous fracture, agreement between MO and hip fracture probabilities was good (ICC = 0.838 and ICC = 0.778, respectively). Treatment recommendations with respect to treatment threshold of ≥3 for hip fracture probabilities were identical in 120/129 (93 %) cases. Difference between BMD+ and BMD- fracture probabilities was correlated with age and FN BMD. In most cases, FRAX without BMD provided the same treatment recommendations as FRAX with BMD in postmenopausal women with osteopenia. Exclusion of patients with previous fracture yielded better agreement levels.

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