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Mol Cell. 2014 Jan 23;53(2):179-92. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2013.12.022.

Microtubule-dependent regulation of mitotic protein degradation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.
  • 2Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address: mrape@berkeley.edu.

Abstract

Accurate cell division depends on tightly regulated ubiquitylation events catalyzed by the anaphase-promoting complex (APC/C). Among its many substrates, the APC/C triggers the degradation of proteins that stabilize the mitotic spindle, and loss or accumulation of such spindle assembly factors can result in aneuploidy and cancer. Although critical for cell division, it has remained poorly understood how the timing of spindle assembly factor degradation is established during mitosis. Here, we report that active spindle assembly factors are protected from APC/C-dependent degradation by microtubules. In contrast, those molecules that are not bound to microtubules are highly susceptible to proteolysis and turned over immediately after APC/C activation. The correct timing of spindle assembly factor degradation, as achieved by this regulatory circuit, is required for accurate spindle structure and function. We propose that the localized stabilization of APC/C substrates provides a mechanism for the selective disposal of cell-cycle regulators that have fulfilled their mitotic roles.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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PMID:
24462202
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3926196
[Available on 2015/1/23]
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