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Indian J Psychiatry. 2013 Oct;55(4):376-9. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.120573.

The course and outcome of alcohol use disorders in men in Goa: A population- based follow-up study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK ; Sangath, Goa.
  • 2Sangath, Goa.
  • 3South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India ; Department of Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Research on the natural history and long-term outcomes of alcohol use disorders (AUD) is important to guide health policy. However, attrition is a major challenge in longitudinal studies and can affect validity of findings.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A 4-year follow-up study was conducted on a randomly selected subgroup of a sample of men in rural and urban communities in Goa to assess attrition, preliminary estimates of AUD outcomes, and chronic disease risk factors.

RESULTS:

Overall attrition rate was 16.7% with a higher attrition in AUD compared to abstainers or casual drinkers. Incidence of AUD at 4 years was 12.8% while the persistence rate of AUD was 53.9%. A trend for poorer health and health behaviors and higher blood pressure was observed in AUD.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this study suggest a relatively low attrition rate despite the long follow-up period and support the feasibility of conducting a definitive cohort study with the entire sample.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol use disorders; attrition; health outcomes; incidence

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