Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Indian J Psychiatry. 2013 Oct;55(4):376-9. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.120573.

The course and outcome of alcohol use disorders in men in Goa: A population- based follow-up study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK ; Sangath, Goa.
  • 2Sangath, Goa.
  • 3South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India ; Department of Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.



Research on the natural history and long-term outcomes of alcohol use disorders (AUD) is important to guide health policy. However, attrition is a major challenge in longitudinal studies and can affect validity of findings.


A 4-year follow-up study was conducted on a randomly selected subgroup of a sample of men in rural and urban communities in Goa to assess attrition, preliminary estimates of AUD outcomes, and chronic disease risk factors.


Overall attrition rate was 16.7% with a higher attrition in AUD compared to abstainers or casual drinkers. Incidence of AUD at 4 years was 12.8% while the persistence rate of AUD was 53.9%. A trend for poorer health and health behaviors and higher blood pressure was observed in AUD.


The results of this study suggest a relatively low attrition rate despite the long follow-up period and support the feasibility of conducting a definitive cohort study with the entire sample.


Alcohol use disorders; attrition; health outcomes; incidence

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk