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Mol Cell Biochem. 1987 Aug;76(2):173-84.

Subcellular distribution and isolation of the Ca2+ antagonist receptor associated with the voltage regulated Ca2+ channel from rabbit heart muscle.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


The Ca2+ antagonist binding sites associated with the voltage dependent calcium channel in rabbit myocardium were found to distribute with the sarcolemmal Na+ + K+ ATPase and adenylate cyclase activities during subcellular fractionation on sucrose-density gradients. The equilibrium dissociation constants (KD) for the binding of [3H]nitrendipine and [3H]verapamil were 0.31 +/- 0.04 nM and 4.1 +/- 0.5 nM respectively, and displayed an average density of 0.55 +/- 0.05 pmol/mg and 0.4 +/- 0.03 pmol/mg protein respectively for the most enriched membrane fraction. The Ca2+ antagonist binding sites were solubilized from the membranes with the detergent 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]propanesulfonate, and specific binding sites for [3H]PN200-110, [3H]verapamil and [3H]diltiazem were isolated on a wheat-germ lectin column. The binding sites for [3H]PN200-110 were enriched about 2,500 fold as compared with the original homogenate and displayed a density of 28.5 +/- 8 pmole/mg protein in the isolated fraction. Sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis of the isolated drug binding proteins indicated enrichment of proteins of Mr 170,000, 140,000, 130,000, 100,000 and 53,000. The isolated receptor contained an intrinsic kinase activity that phosphorylated glycoproteins of Mr 170,000 and 53,000. Exogenously added cAMP-kinase stimulated phosphorylation of the 170,000, 100,000, 53,000 and 28,000 Mr glycoproteins in the receptor fraction. The results of this study indicate that the binding sites for [3H]nitrendipine, [3H]PN200-110, [3H]verapamil and [3H]diltiazem residue on glycoprotein(s) which are of sarcolemmal origin, and co-purify together on wheat germ lectin columns. The polypeptide composition of the Ca2+ antagonist binding sites from cardiac muscle appears to be very similar to that of the dihydropyridine receptor in skeletal muscle.

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