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Maturitas. 2014 Mar;77(3):221-8. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2013.12.007. Epub 2014 Jan 3.

Dairy products on metabolic health: current research and clinical implications.

Author information

  • 1Endocrinology and Nephrology, CHU de Québec Research Center, Quebec, QC, Canada.
  • 2Endocrinology and Nephrology, CHU de Québec Research Center, Quebec, QC, Canada. Electronic address: iwona.rudkowska@crchul.ulaval.ca.

Abstract

Dairy products have been thought to have a beneficial role in the metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS constitutes a cluster of risk factors for an increased mortality, including obesity, impaired glucose homeostasis, hypertension and atherogenic dyslipidemia. Individuals with MetS are also often in a chronic, low-grade inflammatory state. The objective of this review is to examine recent meta-analyses and clinical studies on the association between dairy products consumption and these MetS risk factors. Findings from studies demonstrate that weight loss related to dairy product intake is due to the combination of an energy-restricted diet with consumption of dairy products. Further, a limited number of studies have shown beneficial effects of dairy consumption on plasma lipids, blood pressure, glucose homeostasis or inflammatory and oxidative stress profiles. Overall, this review article suggests that adults should consume at least 2-3 servings of dairy products per day within a well-balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle for metabolic health. Yet, higher dairy product consumption may have additional beneficial effects, but more well-designed intervention studies are needed to ascertain these effects.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Dairy products; Dyslipidemia; Hyperglycemia; Hypertension; Inflammation; Obesity

PMID:
24445013
[PubMed - in process]
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