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BMJ Case Rep. 2014 Jan 17;2014. pii: bcr2013202914. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2013-202914.

Retinal tissue in mature cystic teratoma of ovary presenting with full-term pregnancy.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Mature cystic teratomas are benign ovarian neoplasms which account for around 95% of all ovarian germ cell tumours and contain tissues derived from two or three embryonic germ layers. These tumours are frequently diagnosed in women of reproductive age group and can result in fetomaternal distress if concurrent pregnancy occurs. The authors describe a case of successful natural pregnancy in a 30-year-old woman with coexisting mature cystic teratoma of ovary that culminated in viable childbirth at term. Subsequent histopathological examination of the tumour revealed a mature teratoma composed predominantly of ectodermal elements along with retinal tissues--a rare finding that prompted this case report.

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