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Cell Tissue Res. 2014 Apr;356(1):159-70. doi: 10.1007/s00441-013-1777-5. Epub 2014 Jan 18.

Shaping oral cell plasticity to osteogenic differentiation by human mesenchymal stem cell coculture.

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  • 1Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, Center for Dental Medicine, University Medical Center Freiburg, Hugstetter Str. 55, 79106, Freiburg, Germany,


In the context of cell-based oral hard tissue regeneration, especially assumed plasticity of oral host tissue cells in response to human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), is poorly understood. To investigate this area, we assess osteogenic features in various oral cell types during hMSC coculture, including human alveolar osteoblasts (hOAs), periodontal ligament cells (hPDLs) and gingival fibroblasts (hGFs). Interactive hMSC coculture globally enhanced the transcription of osteogenic genes, in all oral cell types under study, as revealed by qRT-PCR and did not affect oral cell proliferation compared with controls in a transwell coculture system as evaluated by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine proliferation assay. 3D gel-derived hMSC cocultures exhibited an abundance of bone-related key molecules in oral cells, which followed the ranking hOAs > hGFs > hPDLs. Compared to matched controls, this hierarchy also applied for the presence of higher amounts of extracellular matrix deposits and mineralization nodules in interactive hMSC coculture. Our results show for the first time that in the context of prospective periodontal tissue regeneration strategies, hMSCs influence oral cells by gradually shaping their plasticity, particularly features associated with an osteogenic phenotype. These novel findings contribute another piece to the conceptual hMSC action puzzle and valuably support the notion that hMSCs trigger osteogenesis in the oral cell context.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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