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Am J Physiol. 1987 Oct;253(4 Pt 1):G540-8.

Mediators of anaphylaxis-induced ion transport changes in small intestine.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, University of Texas Medical School, Houston 77025.


Net ion transport by jejunum of rats immunized against Trichinella spiralis on challenge with parasite-derived antigen was measured in Ussing chambers as a rapidly expressed, biphasic rise and fall (phase I and II) in short-circuit current (delta Isc). This delta Isc is triggered by mucosal anaphylaxis. Our objective is to identify mast cell-derived substances that mediate the epithelial response. Antigenic challenge of sensitized jejunum caused the release of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), histamine, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). The antigen-induced phase I response was mimicked by exogenous 5-HT or histamine and blocked by pretreatment of tissue with 5-HT and histamine H1-antagonists; the phase II response was mimicked by exogenous PGE2 and blocked by an inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis. Atropine and tetrodotoxin significantly blunted the phase I response as well as the delta Isc caused by exogenous 5-HT or histamine while only slightly reducing the phase II response and not affecting the delta Isc induced by PGE2. Results support the conclusion that 5-HT, histamine, and PGE2 mediate the antigen-induced change in Isc through direct and neurally mediated stimulation of jejunal epithelium.

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