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J Chem Phys. 2014 Jan 14;140(2):024706. doi: 10.1063/1.4861036.

Temperature effects on adsorption and diffusion dynamics of CH3CH2(ads) and H3C-C≡C(ads) on Ag(111) surface and their self-coupling reactions: ab initio molecular dynamics approach.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Tamkang University, Tamsui 25137, Taiwan.

Abstract

Density functional theory (DFT)-based molecular dynamics (DFTMD) simulations in combination with a Fourier transform of dipole moment autocorrelation function are performed to investigate the adsorption dynamics and the reaction mechanisms of self-coupling reactions of both acetylide (H3C-C(β)≡C(α) (ads)) and ethyl (H3C(β)-C(α)H2(ads)) with I(ads) coadsorbed on the Ag(111) surface at various temperatures. In addition, the calculated infrared spectra of H3C-C(β)≡C(α)(ads) and I coadsorbed on the Ag(111) surface indicate that the active peaks of -C(β)≡C(α)- stretching are gradually merged into one peak as a result of the dominant motion of the stand-up -C-C(β)≡C(α)- axis as the temperature increases from 200 K to 400 K. However, the calculated infrared spectra of H3C(β)-C(α)H2(ads) and I coadsorbed on the Ag(111) surface indicate that all the active peaks are not altered as the temperature increases from 100 K to 150 K because only one orientation of H3C(β)-C(α)H2(ads) adsorbed on the Ag(111) surface has been observed. These calculated IR spectra are in a good agreement with experimental reflection absorption infrared spectroscopy results. Furthermore, the dynamics behaviors of H3C-C(β)≡C(α)(ads) and I coadsorbed on the Ag(111) surface point out the less diffusive ability of H3C-C(β)≡C(α)(ads) due to the increasing s-character of Cα leading to the stronger Ag-Cα bond in comparison with that of H3C(β)-C(α)H2(ads) and I coadsorbed on the same surface. Finally, these DFTMD simulation results allow us to predict the energetically more favourable reaction pathways for self-coupling of both H3C-C(β)≡C(α)(ads) and H3C(β)-C(α)H2(ads) adsorbed on the Ag(111) surface to form 2,4-hexadiyne (H3C-C≡C-C≡C-CH3(g)) and butane (CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3(g)), respectively. The calculated reaction energy barriers for both H3C-C≡C-C≡C-CH3(g) (1.34 eV) and CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3(g) (0.60 eV) are further employed with the Redhead analysis to estimate the desorption temperatures approximately at 510 K and 230 K, respectively, which are in a good agreement with the experimental low-coverage temperature programmed reaction spectroscopy measurements.

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