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Sci Rep. 2014 Jan 17;4:3745. doi: 10.1038/srep03745.

Identification of three novel mutations in the FRMD7 gene for X-linked idiopathic congenital nystagmus.

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  • 1School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base and Key Laboratory of Vision Science, Ministry of Health and Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325027 China.
  • 2The Community Health Service Center in Huayuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 10088 China.
  • 3Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000 China.
  • 4Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021 China.
  • 5Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.


Idiopathic congenital nystagmus (ICN) consists of involuntary and periodic ocular motility, often with seriously reduced visual acuity. To identify the genetic defects associated with X-linked ICN, we performed PCR-based DNA direct sequencing of two candidate genes, FRMD7 and GPR143, in four families. Mutation analysis led to identification of three novel mutations, p.S260R, p.Q487X, and p.V549Y fsX554, in FRMD7 in three of the recruited families. Results from structural modeling indicated that the p.S260R may potentially disrupt FRMD7 function through loss of a phosphorylation site and/or interference with protein-protein interactions. Both p.Q487X, and p.V549Y fsX554 mutations were predicted to generate nonfunctional truncated proteins. Using a capture next generation sequencing method, we excluded CASK as the responsible gene for the remaining family. Combining sequence analysis and structural modeling, we report three novel mutations in FRMD7 in three independent families with XLICN, and provide molecular insights for future XLICN diagnosis and treatment.

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