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J Med Liban. 2013 Jul-Sep;61(3):148-54.

Bone mineral content and density in obese, overweight and normal weight adolescent boys.

Author information

  • 1Laboratoire de physiologie et de biomécanique de la performance motrice, University of Balamand, Al Koura, Lebanon.
  • 2EA 4110, Laboratoire RELACS, Département STAPS, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, Dunkerque, France.
  • 3Rheumatology Department, Hôtel-Dieu Hospital, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Abstract

AIM OF THE STUDY:

The aim of this study was to compare bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) in obese, overweight and normal weight adolescent boys.

METHODS & RESULTS:

This study included 23 obese, 19 overweight and 25 normal weight adolescents (aged 14-20 years) boys. The three groups (obese, overweight and normal weight) were matched for age and maturation index. Body composition, BMC and BMD were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The expressions whole body (WB) BMC/height and WB BMD/height were used to adjust for WB bone size. BMAD was calculated for the WB. WB BMC, WB BMC/height, total hip (TH) BMD, femoral neck (FN) BMD and ultra distal (UD) radius BMD) were higher in obese and overweight boys in comparison to normal weight boys (p < 0.05). WB BMAD was lower in obese boys in comparison to overweight and normal weight boys (p < 0.05). After adjustment for either weight or lean mass, obese boys displayed lower WB BMC, WB BMC/height and WB BMD values in comparison to overweight and normal weight boys (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

This study suggests that WB BMC, WB BMC/height and WB BMD do not adapt to the increased body weight in obese adolescent boys.

PMID:
24422365
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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