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Cell Rep. 2014 Jan 30;6(2):325-35. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2013.12.021. Epub 2014 Jan 9.

The histone-H3K4-specific demethylase KDM5B binds to its substrate and product through distinct PHD fingers.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.
  • 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
  • 3Dan L. Duncan Cancer Center, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
  • 4Basic Science Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.
  • 5Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and the Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.
  • 6Genes and Development Graduate Program, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
  • 7Molecular Biology Program, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.
  • 8Molecular Biology Program, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.
  • 9Basic Science Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA; Department of Radiation Oncology, University Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.
  • 10Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Genes and Development Graduate Program, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Center for Cancer Epigenetics and Center for Stem Cell and Developmental Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: xbshi@mdanderson.org.
  • 11Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA; Molecular Biology Program, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address: tatiana.kutateladze@ucdenver.edu.

Abstract

The histone lysine demethylase KDM5B regulates gene transcription and cell differentiation and is implicated in carcinogenesis. It contains multiple conserved chromatin-associated domains, including three PHD fingers of unknown function. Here, we show that the first and third, but not the second, PHD fingers of KDM5B possess histone binding activities. The PHD1 finger is highly specific for unmodified histone H3 (H3K4me0), whereas the PHD3 finger shows preference for the trimethylated histone mark H3K4me3. RNA-seq analysis indicates that KDM5B functions as a transcriptional repressor for genes involved in inflammatory responses, cell proliferation, adhesion, and migration. Biochemical analysis reveals that KDM5B associates with components of the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex and may cooperate with the histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) in gene repression. KDM5B is downregulated in triple-negative breast cancer relative to estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer. Overexpression of KDM5B in the MDA-MB 231 breast cancer cells suppresses cell migration and invasion, and the PHD1-H3K4me0 interaction is essential for inhibiting migration. These findings highlight tumor-suppressive functions of KDM5B in triple-negative breast cancer cells and suggest a multivalent mechanism for KDM5B-mediated transcriptional regulation.

Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
24412361
[PubMed - in process]
PMCID:
PMC3918441
[Available on 2015/1/30]
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