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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014 Feb 12;6(3):1541-9. doi: 10.1021/am404218u. Epub 2014 Jan 17.

Selective SERS detecting of hydrophobic microorganisms by tricomponent nanohybrids of silver-silicate-platelet-surfactant.

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  • 1Institute of Polymer Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University , Taipei 10617, Taiwan.

Abstract

Nanohybrids consisting of silver nanoparticles (Ag), clay platelets, and a nonionic surfactant were prepared and used as the substrate for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The nanoscale silicate platelets (SP) (with dimensions of 100 × 100 nm(2) and a thickness of ∼1 nm) were previously prepared from exfoliation of the natural layered silicates. The tricomponent nanohybrids, Ag-SP-surfactant (Ag-SP-S), were prepared by in situ reduction of AgNO3 in the presence of clay and the surfactant. The clay platelets with a large surface area and ionic charge (ca. 18 000 sodium ions per platelet) allowed for the stabilization of Ag nanoparticles in the range of 10-30 nm in diameter. With the addition of a nonionic surfactant such as poly(oxyethylene) alkyl ether, the tricomponent Ag-SP-S nanohybrids possessed an altered affinity for contacting microorganisms. The particle size and interparticle gaps between neighboring Ag on SP were characterized by TEM. The surface tension of Ag-SP and Ag-SP-S in water implied different interactions between Ag and hydrophobic bacteria ( Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium smegmatis ). By increasing the surfactant content in Ag-SP-S, the SERS peak intensity was dramatically enhanced compared to the Ag-SP counterpart. The nanohybrids, Ag-SP and Ag-SP-S, with the advantages of varying hydrophobic affinity, floating in medium, and 3D hot-junction enhancement could be tailored for use as SERS substrates. The selective detection of hydrophobic microorganisms and larger biological cells makes SERS a possible rapid, label-free, and culture-free method of biodetection.

PMID:
24411013
[PubMed - in process]
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