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Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2013 Oct 29;93(40):3175-9.

[A comparative study of fluorescence in situ hybridization versus conventional cytogenetics in the detection of clonal aberrations in myelodysplastic syndrome].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Peking University People's Hospital, Peking University Institute of Hematology, Beijing Key Laboratory of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Beijing 100044, China.
  • 2Peking University People's Hospital, Peking University Institute of Hematology, Beijing Key Laboratory of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Beijing 100044, China; Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, Beijing 100871, China. Email: xjhrm@medmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the results of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) versus conventional cytogenetics (CC) in the detection of common chromosomal abnormalities and evaluate the significance of FISH in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) .

METHODS:

A total of 344 patients with de novo MDS from June 2008 to October 2012 were detected by 6 pairs of probes, including CSF1R/D5S23-D5S721 (5q33) , EGR1/ D5S23-D5S721 (5q31) , D7S486 (7q31) /CSP7, D7S522 (7q31) /CSP7, D20S108/CSP8 (20q12/CSP8) and CSPX/CSPY. The results were compared with those of CC.

RESULTS:

CC revealed cytogenetic abnormalities in 168/344 cases (48.8%) and the frequency of common aberrations such as +8, 20q-, -7/7q-, -5/5q- and -Y were 18.9% (65/344) , 9.3% (32/344), 8.4% (29/344), 8.4% (29/344) and 2.4% (5/206) respectively. While FISH revealed chromosome abnormalities in 147/344 patients (42.7%) and the frequency of +8, 20q-, -7/7q-, -5/5q- and -Y were 20.9% (72/344), 11.6% (40/344), 11.6% (40/344), 10.2% (35/344) and 2.9% (6/206) respectively. Overall 187/344 patients (54.4%) carried clonal aberrations by a combination of CC and FISH. Among 158 patients with normal karyotype by CC, 14 cases (8.9%) were detected to have clonal aberrations by FISH. FISH also confirmed 4 carriers of clonal aberrations out of 9 patients with non clonal abnormalities by CC.

CONCLUSIONS:

FISH is effective for improving the probability of detecting chromosome abnormalities in MDS cases with normal karyotypes and karyotype failure. FISH may provide rationales for clonal abnormalities in patients with non clonal aberrations by CC. A combination of FISH and CC shows complementary advantages.

PMID:
24405535
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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