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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2014 May;69(5):1231-7. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkt519. Epub 2014 Jan 8.

Prevalence of day-care centre children (France) with faecal CTX-M-producing Escherichia coli comprising O25b:H4 and O16:H5 ST131 strains.

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  • 1Service de Biologie, Centre Hospitalier d'Antibes-Juan les Pins, Antibes, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Determining the prevalence of children in day-care centres (DCCs) carrying faecal extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae and molecularly characterizing those belonging to the Escherichia coli species.

METHODS:

Stools were collected from children's diapers (January-April 2012) in randomly chosen DCCs and plated onto ChromID ESBL. Colonies growing on this medium were identified by the Vitek 2 system and tested for antibiotic susceptibility and for ESBL production by the double-disc synergy test. ESBL genotypes were determined as well as phylogenetic groups, ERIC-2 (enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus) PCR profiles and sequence types (STs) for the E. coli isolates. Serotypes, virotypes, fimH alleles, ESBL-carrying plasmids and PFGE patterns were determined for the ST131 E. coli isolates.

RESULTS:

Among 419 children from 25 participating DCCs, 1 was colonized by CTX-M-15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and 27 (6.4%) by E. coli, which all produced CTX-M enzymes [CTX-M-15 (37%), CTX-M-1 (26%), CTX-M-14 (22%), CTX-M-27 (11%) and CTX-M-22 (4%)]. The 27 E. coli isolates, 55.5% belonging to group B2, displayed 20 ERIC-2 PCR profiles and 16 STs. The ST131 E. coli isolates were dominant (44%), displayed serotypes O25b:H4 and O16:H5, fimH alleles 30 and 41 and virotypes A and C. According to the PFGE patterns, one strain of E. coli ST131 producing a CTX-M-15 enzyme carried by an IncF F2:A1:B- plasmid had spread within one DCC.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study shows a notable prevalence (6.4%) of DCC children with faecal CTX-M-producing E. coli isolates comprising a high proportion of E. coli ST131 isolates, suggesting that these children might be a reservoir of this clone.

KEYWORDS:

E. coli; fimH-based subclones; plasmids; virotypes

PMID:
24402502
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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