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Laeknabladid. 2014 Jan;100(1):27-33.

[The effectiveness of the treatment program "Enjoy eating" on health and mood in obese women].

[Article in Icelandic]

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges world wide and its prevalence has increased during the past 20-30 years. Obesity is related to physical and mental health and increased mortality. There are few evidence-based treatment options for the obese available in Iceland.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The purpose of this pilot study was to develop a 15 week group program based on Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Appetite Awareness Training for young obese women. The participants were randomly allocated to two groups, A and B, in a convenience sample of 20 women, aged 19-44 with a BMI 30-39.9 kg/m². Group A attended the program while group B served as a control in a crossover design where group B subsequently participated in the program. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated before, during and at the end of the program and at six and twelve month follow-up. Information was collected on body weight, BMI, body fat and body fat mass, blood pressure, cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein and 25(OH)D, quality of life (SF-36 and OP scale), symptoms of depression (BDI-II) and anxiety (BAI). Additionally participants completed a questionnaire on demographics and their view on participating in the program was assessed.

RESULTS:

Participants reduced their weight (P=0.001), BMI (P=0.001), body fat (P=0.010), body fat mass (P=0.002), diastolic blood pressure (P=0.005) and vitamin D status improved (P=0.008). Symptoms of depression and anxiety decreased (P<0.001 and P<0.004). Quality of life measured with OP scale improved (P=0.006) and the mental component summary (MCS) (P=0.012) of the SF-36 scale. The mean weight loss was 3.7 kg following intervention which was maintained at follow up.

CONCLUSION:

"The enjoy eating" program is a promising health promotion approach in the health care sector for obese women to improve mental health, quality of life and loose weight.

PMID:
24394796
[PubMed - in process]
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