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Prim Care Diabetes. 2014 Jan 2. pii: S1751-9918(13)00159-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pcd.2013.12.001. [Epub ahead of print]

What follow-up care and self-management support do patients with type 2 diabetes want after their first acute coronary event? A qualitative study.

Author information

  • 1Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, STR 6.131, P.O. Box 85500, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: m.j.kasteleyn@umcutrecht.nl.
  • 2Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, STR 6.131, P.O. Box 85500, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands.
  • 3NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

AIMS:

Despite diabetes patients' efforts to control their disease, many of them are confronted with an acute coronary event. This may evoke depressive feelings and self-management may be complicated. According to the American Diabetes Association, the transition from hospital to home after an acute coronary event (ACE) is a high-risk time for diabetes patients; it should be improved. Before developing an intervention for diabetes patients with an ACE in the period after discharge from hospital, we want to gain a detailed understanding of patients' views, perceptions and feelings in this respect.

METHODS:

Qualitative design. Two semi-structured focus groups were conducted with 14 T2DM patients (71% male, aged 61-77years) with a recent ACE. One focus group with partners (67% male, aged 64-75years) was held. All interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed by two independent researchers.

RESULTS:

Patients believed that coping with an ACE differs between patients with and without T2DM. They had problems with physical exercise, sexuality and pharmacotherapy. Patients and partners were neither satisfied with the amount of information, especially on the combination of T2DM and ACE, nor with the support offered by healthcare professionals after discharge. Participants would appreciate tailored self-management support after discharge from hospital.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with T2DM and their partners lack tailored support after a first ACE. Our findings underpin the ADA recommendations to improve the transition from hospital to home. The results of our study will help to determine the exact content of a self-management support program delivered at home to help this specific group of patients to cope with both conditions.

Copyright © 2013 Primary Care Diabetes Europe. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Acute coronary event; Focus group; Hospital discharge; Patients’ perspectives; Type 2 diabetes

PMID:
24389352
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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