Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Sports Health. 2013 Jan;5(1):50-77. doi: 10.1177/1941738112468265.

The primer for sports medicine professionals on imaging: the shoulder.

Author information

  • 1Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York.


Because of its inherent superior soft tissue contrast and lack of ionizing radiation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is highly suited to study the complex anatomy of the shoulder joint, particularly when assessing the relatively high incidence of shoulder injuries in young, athletic patients. This review aims to serve as a primer for understanding shoulder MRI in an algorithmical approach, including MRI protocol and technique, normal anatomy and anatomical variations of the shoulder, pathologic conditions of the rotator cuff tendons and muscles, the long head of the biceps tendon, shoulder impingement, labral and glenohumeral ligament pathology, MR findings in shoulder instability, adhesive capsulitis, and osteoarthritis.


MRI; imaging; shoulder; shoulder anatomy; shoulder pathologies

Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk