Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Res. 1987 Jun 15;47(12):3239-45.

A rapid in vitro assay for quantitating the invasive potential of tumor cells.


We have reconstituted a matrix of basement membrane onto a filter in a Boyden chamber and assessed the ability of various malignant and nonmalignant cells to penetrate through the coated filter. Cells from all the malignant cell lines tested were able to cross the matrix in 5-6 h, whereas human fibroblasts as well as mouse 3T3 and 10T1/2 cell lines, which are not tumorigenic, were not invasive. In addition, normal primary prostate epithelial cells and benign prostatic hyperplasia cells were not invasive when tested in this assay, whereas malignant prostate carcinoma cells were highly invasive. Parallel experiments with these prostatic cells using the intrasplenic assay for metastasis detection in the nude mouse confirmed the benign behavior of the former cells and the metastatic phenotype of the latter ones. These results suggest that this in vitro test allows the rapid and quantitative assessment of invasiveness and a means to screen for drugs which alter the invasive phenotype of tumor cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk