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Gynecol Oncol. 2014 Feb;132(2):455-61. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2013.12.031. Epub 2013 Dec 28.

Inhibition of α4β1 integrin increases ovarian cancer response to carboplatin.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
  • 2Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Cancer Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
  • 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA; The Cancer Center, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
  • 4Department of Pathology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA; The Cancer Center, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
  • 5Biogen Idec, Inc., San Diego, CA, USA.
  • 6Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Cancer Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA; The Cancer Center, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA. Electronic address: jks6a@virginia.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The inability to successfully treat women with ovarian cancer is due to the presence of metastatic disease at diagnosis and the development of platinum resistance. Ovarian cancer metastasizes throughout the peritoneal cavity by attaching to and invading through the mesothelium lining the peritoneum using a mechanism that involves α4β1 integrin and its ligand (vascular cell adhesion molecule) VCAM-1. Integrin α4β1 expression on tumor cells is known to confer protection from therapy in other cancers, notably multiple myeloma. We evaluated the role of α4β1 integrin in response to platinum-based therapy in a mouse model of peritoneal ovarian cancer metastasis by treatment with a humanized anti-α4β1 integrin function-blocking antibody.

METHODS:

Integrin α4β1 expression on primary human ovarian cancer cells, fallopian tube and ovarian surface epithelia and fresh tumor was assessed by flow-cytometry. The therapeutic impact of anti-α4β1 treatment was assessed in murine models of platinum-resistant peritoneal disease and in vitro using the platinum resistant ovarian cancer cell lines.

RESULTS:

Treatment of tumor-bearing mice with human-specific α4β1 integrin function-blocking antibodies, anti-VCAM-1 antibody or carboplatin alone had no effect on tumor burden compared to the IgG control group. However, the combined treatment of anti-α4β1 integrin or anti-VCAM-1 with carboplatin significantly reduced tumor burden. In vitro, the combination of carboplatin and anti-α4β1 integrin antibodies resulted in increased cell death and doubling time.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings support a role for α4β1 integrin in regulating treatment response to carboplatin, implicating α4β1 integrin as a potential therapeutic target to influence platinum responsiveness in otherwise resistant disease.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Chemotherapy; Ovarian cancer; Platinum agents; VCAM-1; α4β1 integrin

PMID:
24378876
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3939448
Free PMC Article
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