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Undersea Hyperb Med. 2013 Nov-Dec;40(6):505-11.

Targeting reactive oxygen species by edaravone inhalation in a rat hyperoxic lung injury model: role of inflammasome.

Author information

  • 1Division of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Department of Radiology, Affiliated Huadong Hospital of Fudan University, PR China.
  • 2Department of Diving Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Yangpu District, Shanghai, PR China.

Abstract

This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of edaravone inhalation on inflammasome activation in a rat hyperoxia-induced lung injury (HILI) model. Sprague Dawley rats (n = 61) were randomly assigned into three groups: Control group, HILI group and Edaravone (Eda) group. Rats in the Control group breathed room air, but those in the HILI group and Eda group were exposed to pure oxygen at 2.5 atmospheres absolute (atm abs) for six hours. Immediately after HILI, rats in the Eda group received inhalation of aerosol edaravone at 0.5 mg/ml for 30 minutes. Twenty-four hours later, rats were sacrificed. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lungs were obtained for detection of oxidative stress, IL-1beta, IL-18 and caspase-1; the lungs were collected for HE staining and TUNEL staining. The pathological features of the lungs of rats in the Eda group were significantly improved when compared with the HILI group, accompanied by reduction in apoptotic cells. In addition, in the Eda group, the malonyldialdehyde (MDA) was reduced and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) was increased significantly in the lung and BALF when compared with the HILI group (P < 0.05 for both). Moreover, the contents of IL-1beta, IL-18 and caspase-1 in the lung and BALF, downstream factors of inflammasome, were also dramatically lower in the Eda group than in the HILI group (P < 0.05 for all). These findings suggest that edaravone may inhibit inflammasome activation due to its anti-oxidative capacity exerting a protective effect on HILI.

PMID:
24377193
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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