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J Paediatr Child Health. 2014 Apr;50(4):258-65. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12450. Epub 2013 Dec 27.

Factors associated with consistent contraception and condom use among Māori secondary school students in New Zealand.

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  • 1School of Nursing, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Abstract

AIMS:

The aims of this study are to provide a profile of sexual health behaviours of Māori youth and to identify factors associated with consistent condom and contraception use.

METHODS:

Multivariable analyses were conducted to determine relationships between consistent contraception and condom use among all 2059 sexually active Māori participants in the 2007 New Zealand youth health and well-being survey of secondary school students.

RESULTS:

Forty per cent of Māori students were currently sexually active; of these, 55.3% always used contraception, and 41.1% always used condoms. Risk factors for not using contraception were less than or equal to three sexual partners (males odds ratio (OR) 0.55, P = 0.04, females OR 0.35, P = 0.04) and regular cigarette use for females (OR 0.52, P = 0.02). Risk factors for not using condoms were 13- to 15-year-old females (OR 1.95, P < 0.01) and females who enjoyed sex (OR 0.52, P = 0.02). Family connection was associated with increased use of condoms among males (OR 1.07, P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Reducing sexual risks, increasing opportunities for healthy youth development and family connectedness, alongside access to appropriate services, are required to improve the sexual health of Māori youth.

© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2013 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).

KEYWORDS:

adolescent; behavioural; community; international child health; statistics

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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