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Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:267217. doi: 10.1155/2013/267217. Epub 2013 Nov 28.

Inhibitive effects of mulberry leaf-related extracts on cell adhesion and inflammatory response in human aortic endothelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Chinese Culture University, Taipei 11114, Taiwan.
  • 2Graduate Institute of Biotechnology, Chinese Culture University, Taipei 11114, Taiwan.
  • 3Graduate Institute of Applied Life Science, Chinese Culture University, Taipei 11114, Taiwan.
  • 4Research Center for Biodiversity, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei 106, Taiwan.


Effects of mulberry leaf-related extracts (MLREs) on hydrogen peroxide-induced DNA damage in human lymphocytes and on inflammatory signaling pathways in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were studied. The tested MLREs were rich in flavonols, especially bombyx faces tea (BT) in quercetin and kaempferol. Polyphenols, flavonoids, and anthocyanidin also abounded in BT. The best trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) was generated from the acidic methanolic extracts of BT. Acidic methanolic and water extracts of mulberry leaf tea (MT), mulberry leaf (M), and BT significantly inhibited DNA oxidative damage to lymphocytes based on the comet assay as compared to the H2O2-treated group. TNF- α -induced monocyte-endothelial cell adhesion was significantly suppressed by MLREs. Additionally, nuclear factor kappa B (NF- κ B) expression was significantly reduced by BT and MT. Significant reductions were also observed in both NF- κ B and activator protein (AP)-1 DNA binding by MLREs. Significant increases in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α and γ DNA binding by MLREs were also detected in M and MT extracts, but no evidence for PPAR α DNA binding in 50  μ g/mL MT extract was found. Apparently, MLREs can provide distinct cytoprotective mechanisms that may contribute to its putative beneficial effects on suppressing endothelial responses to cytokines during inflammation.

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