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Indian J Cancer. 2013 Oct-Dec;50(4):297-301. doi: 10.4103/0019-509X.123594.

Evaluation of clinico: pathologic findings of breast carcinoma in a general hospital in Southern India.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Ganni Shubha Laxmi Medical College and General Hospital, Andhra Pradesh, India.



Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the Indian female population. As per our hospital data, breast cancer is also found to be the second leading malignancy in women. Hence, we undertook this study to evaluate the clinical profile, histopathologic types, grade, stage and the prognosis of the disease in our patients. Majority of our patients are from rural areas.


This study was undertaken over a period of three years comprising of 178 patients who underwent modified radical mastectomy following preliminary diagnosis of carcinoma on fine needle aspiration cytology or histopathological examination of the lumpectomy or trucut biopsy specimens. Clinico-pathological evaluation was done in all of these cases following standard protocols.


The study comprised of 175 female patients and 3 male patients in the age range of 28 to 76 years. Majority (111/62.3%) of the cases were within the age range of 31-50 years of age with mean age of 48.7 years. Two females had bilateral breast cancer and one female had synchronous papillary serous cystadenocarcinoma of the ovary. Invasive ductal carcinoma no special type was the most common histopathologic pattern, and was seen in 172 (95.5%) cases. Most tumors were Scarff Bloom Richardson grade II and American Joint Committee on Cancer pathologic stage II. Prognostically, majority of tumors (49.5%) was assessed as 'good' as per the Nottingham prognostic index score.


This study gave an insight to the clinico-pathological profile of breast cancer in our area. Long term study with follow up of the patient is needed for better understanding of the case.

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