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Ther Drug Monit. 2014 Jun;36(3):406-9. doi: 10.1097/FTD.0000000000000012.

Influence of uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 -161C>T polymorphism on the concentration of valproic acid in pediatric epilepsy patients.

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  • 1*Department of Clinical Pharmacology & Genetics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka; and ‚ĆDepartment of Clinical Research, National Epilepsy Center, Shizuoka Institute of Epilepsy and Neurological Disorders, National Epilepsy Center, Shizuoka, Japan.



Valproic acid (VPA) is widely used to treat various types of epilepsy. Interindividual variability in VPA pharmacokinetics may arise from genetic polymorphisms of VPA-metabolizing enzymes. This study aimed to examine the relationships between plasma VPA concentrations and the -161C>T single nucleotide polymorphism in uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 2B7 genes in pediatric epilepsy patients.


This study included 78 pediatric epilepsy patients carrying the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9*1/*1 genotype and who were not treated with the enzyme inducers (phenytoin, phenobarbital, and carbamazepine), lamotrigine, and/or topiramate. CYP2C9*3 and UGT2B7 -161C>T polymorphisms were identified using methods based on polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Blood samples were drawn from each patient under steady-state conditions, and plasma VPA concentrations were measured.


Significant differences in adjusted plasma VPA concentrations were observed between carriers of CC, CT, and TT genotypes in the UGT2B7 -161C>T polymorphism (P = 0.039). Patients with the CC genotype had lower adjusted plasma VPA concentrations than those with CT or TT genotype (P = 0.028).


These data suggest that the UGT2B7 -161C>T polymorphism in pediatric epilepsy patients carrying the CYP2C9*1/*1 genotype affects VPA concentration.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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