Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pak J Med Sci. 2013 Jul;29(4):991-6.

Nocturnal Awakening & Sleep Duration in Veterans with PTSD: An Actigraphic Study.

Author information

  • 1Imran S. Khawaja, MD.
  • 2Minneapolis VA Medical Center, University of Minnesota, State of Minnesota, USA.
  • 3Ali M. Hashmi, MD, Foreign Professor III (HEC), Psychiatry, King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
  • 4Joseph Westermeyer, MD, PhD, Paul Thuras, PhD, Minneapolis VA Medical Center, University of Minnesota, State of Minnesota, USA.
  • 5Thomas Hurwitz, MD, Minneapolis VA Medical Center, University of Minnesota, State of Minnesota, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess whether awakenings from sleep and sleep duration in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) were related to demography, posttraumatic or depressive symptoms, subjective sleep quality, and daytime sleepiness.

METHODS:

Sample consisted of 23 veterans with lifetime PTSD and current sleep disturbance not due to apnea or other diagnosable conditions. Data collection included demography, two weeks of actigraphy, Beck Depression Inventory, Posttraumatic Checklist, Clinical Assessment of Posttraumatic Symptoms, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale.

RESULTS:

The study revealed that awakenings increased with younger age. Variability in awakenings also increased with younger age (p = 0.002). More awakenings were associated with shorter sleep duration.

CONCLUSIONS:

These paradoxical observations regarding younger age and more awakening may be related to increased sleep symptoms early in the course and then gradual waning of posttraumatic symptoms over time, since awakenings tend to increase with age in normals (rather than decrease, as we observed).

KEYWORDS:

Actigraphy; Insomnia; PTSD; Veteran

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk