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ScientificWorldJournal. 2013 Nov 20;2013:186392. doi: 10.1155/2013/186392. eCollection 2013.

Drinking water fluoride levels for a city in northern Mexico (durango) determined using a direct electrochemical method and their potential effects on oral health.

Author information

  • 1Health Care Department, Autonomous Metropolitan University (UAM), Xochimilco, 04960 Mexico City, DF, Mexico.
  • 2Scientific Research Institute, Juárez University of the Durango State (UJED), 34000 Durango, DGO, Mexico.
  • 3Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Juárez University of the Durango State (UJED), 34000 Durango, DGO, Mexico.

Abstract

Fluoride is ingested primarily through consuming drinking water. When drinking water contains fluoride concentrations>0.7 parts per million (ppm), consuming such water can be toxic to the human body; this toxicity is called "fluorosis." Therefore, it is critical to determine the fluoride concentrations in drinking water. The objective of this study was to determine the fluoride concentration in the drinking water of the city of Durango. The wells that supply the drinking water distribution system for the city of Durango were studied. One hundred eighty-nine (189) water samples were analyzed, and the fluoride concentration in each sample was quantified as established by the law NMX-AA-077-SCFI-2001. The fluoride concentrations in such samples varied between 2.22 and 7.23 ppm with a 4.313±1.318 ppm mean concentration. The highest values were observed in the northern area of the city, with a 5.001±2.669 ppm mean value. The samples produced values that exceeded the national standard for fluoride in drinking water. Chronic exposure to fluoride at such concentrations produces harmful health effects, the first sign of which is dental fluorosis. Therefore, it is essential that the government authorities implement water defluoridation programs and take preventative measures to reduce the ingestion of this toxic halogen.

PMID:
24348140
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3856142
Free PMC Article
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