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Elife. 2013 Dec 17;2:e01299. doi: 10.7554/eLife.01299.

A new topology of the HK97-like fold revealed in Bordetella bacteriophage by cryoEM at 3.5 A resolution.

Author information

  • 1California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, United States.

Abstract

Bacteriophage BPP-1 infects and kills Bordetella species that cause whooping cough. Its diversity-generating retroelement (DGR) provides a naturally occurring phage-display system, but engineering efforts are hampered without atomic structures. Here, we report a cryo electron microscopy structure of the BPP-1 head at 3.5 Å resolution. Our atomic model shows two of the three protein folds representing major viral lineages: jellyroll for its cement protein (CP) and HK97-like ('Johnson') for its major capsid protein (MCP). Strikingly, the fold topology of MCP is permuted non-circularly from the Johnson fold topology previously seen in viral and cellular proteins. We illustrate that the new topology is likely the only feasible alternative of the old topology. β-sheet augmentation and electrostatic interactions contribute to the formation of non-covalent chainmail in BPP-1, unlike covalent inter-protein linkages of the HK97 chainmail. Despite these complex interactions, the termini of both CP and MCP are ideally positioned for DGR-based phage-display engineering. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01299.001.

KEYWORDS:

CryoEM; atomic resolution; fold topology; non-covalent chainmail; phage-display

PMID:
24347545
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3863775
Free PMC Article
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